The Central African Republic (CAR) has been engulfed in conflict for several decades, weakening the country’s social and economic fabric, including food production systems. The prolonged conflict has aggravated food insecurity, and the hunger caused by conflict contributes to systemic and entrenched insecurity. According to the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) listing, as of June 2019, 41 percent of CAR’s population, were facing severe food insecurity. A revitalization of the agricultural sector is key to improved food security. Yet, agricultural extension services are often neglected as part of the broader peacebuilding strategy in post-conflict countries.

In this paired paper and policy brief, Southern Voices Network for Peacebuilding Scholar, Paterne Mombe, discusses the impact CAR’s conflict has had on agriculture and food security and examines the role of agricultural extension services in peacebuilding in post-conflict countries, with a focus on the Central African Republic (CAR). He highlights the detrimental effect that conflict has had food security in CAR and the transformative role agro-pastoral liaison services (APLS) can play in rebuilding peace and human security in the country. He also provides policy recommendations for how CAR’s government and international partners can utilize agricultural extension services and APLS to mitigate food insecurity and contribute to peacebuilding in CAR.