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Cold War Files: All Units: Events: Creation of East Germany

October 7, 1949 Oct. 7, 1949 - Oct. 3, 1990
Creation of East Germany

In response to the creation of the new Federal Republic of Germany, the Soviet Union decided to create their own communist Germany in the Eastern Zone. Stalin picked Walter Ulbrict to head the new government, which was closely modeled on Stalinist Russia. Ulbrict created a secret police (the Stasi), who ruthlessly enforced his rule and tolerated no dissent. Rigid standards were imposed on industrial production, and thousands fled the Eastern Zone for the West.

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