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Cold War Files: All Units: Events: Formation of NATO

April 1949
Formation of NATO

NATO, a mutual defense alliance between Western Europe and Th United States was formed in response to Soviet aggression in Europe. The initial members included the United States, Great Britain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxemburg, Canada, Denmark, Iceland, Italy, Norway, and Portugal. Over the next several decades the alliance would grew significantly as more nations joined, including West Germany, Spain, Greece, and Turkey.

Related Information
North Atlantic Treaty, Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS)
Mastny, Vojtech. “NATO in the Beholder’s Eye: Soviet Perceptions and Policies, 1949-1956.” Working Paper No. 35, Cold War International History Project
NATO Home Page
Information for the Truman Presidential Library on NATO

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